Rudy's Gull-index

with pictures of several less well-known plumages of large gulls likely to be encountered in NW-Europe. Most pictures were taken in the North-eastern part of the Netherlands.

Scroll down for the full list.

Rudy Offereins

Last updated February 2005


Fast links to:

{Herring Gulls} {Caspian Gulls} {Yellow-legged Gulls} {Great B-b Gulls} {Common Gulls}


Gull-links

an overview of 60+ gull-related websites updated 06 June 2008


Comparison Pages

  • Pictures of several different individuals of 1st winter Caspian Gull
  • Pictures of several different individuals of 1st winter Yellow-legged Gull
  • Comparison of 1st winter Herring, Caspian, Lesser Black-backed and Yellow-legged Gull
  • Comparison of pale-headed juvenile/1st winter large headed gulls (including Herring Gull)

 

Large Gulls (general)

  • Large Gulls in the province of Drenthe in the winter of 98-99 with pictures of Caspian, Yellow-legged and Glaucous Gull. In Dutch with English captions.

 

Glaucous Gull L. hyperboreus

  • Pictures of a 1st winter in January
  • Pictures of a 2nd winter in January
  • Pictures of a 3rd winter from March 2001, (courtesy of Rik Winters)

 Herring Gull L. a. argenteus. Moulting juvenile. Dunquin, Co. Kerry, Ireland. 28 August 2001 - ->

 

 Herring Gull L. argentatus

  • Pictures of juvenile argentatus-types in Nov./Dec.  
  • More pictures of argentatus in December
  • Pictures of adult and fresh juvenile argentatus in Jan./Feb.
  • Pictures of juvenile argentatus in January
  • Pictures of three 1st winters with pale primaries
  • Pictures of two colorringed 1st winter birds
  • Pictures of an 'omissus' -type Herring Gull
  • Pictures of another 'omissus'-type in January

 

Hybrid

Picture of a possible cachinnans X michahellis

  2nd winter Caspian Gull. Lauwersoog, 9 Nov. '00 -->

Caspian Gull L. cachinnans

  • Pictures of a juvenile in July
  • Pictures of a juvenile in August (Courtesy of Brian Small)
  • Pictures of a moulting juvenile in August (Courtesy of Martijn Bot)
  • Pictures of a juvenile early September
  • Pictures of 1st winter and a 1st summer
  • Pictures of a classic 1st winter in October
  • Pictures of two different 1st winters in November
  • Pictures of a 1st winter in November
  • Pictures of an abraded 1st winter
  • Pictures of a very typical 1st winter!
  • Pictures of a 1st winter in Jan/Feb
  • Pictures of a 1st winter in January
  • Pictures of a 1st winter in January
  • Pictures of a rather dark 1st winter in February
  • Pictures of two 1st winter birds in March
  • Pictures of a first-summer bird in August
  • Picture of another 1st summer in August (courtesy of Rik Winters)
  • Pictures of several 2nd winters on several dates (courtesy of Andreas Buchheim)
  • Pictures of a 2nd winter in November
  • Pictures of a 2nd winter bird in November (courtesy of Dusan Brinkhuizen)
  • Pictures of two 2nd winter birds in January
  • Pictures of a 2nd winter in February
  • Pictures of a 3rd winter in November
  • Pictures of an adult in December (courtesy of Bas v/d Boogaard)
  • Pictures of an adult in February (courtesy of Rik Winters)
  • Pictures of two adults (courtesy of Rik Winters)

First winter Yellow-legged Gull L. michahellis. Wijster, 3 November 2001 --->

Yellow-legged Gull L. michahellis

 

Armenian Gull L. (m) armenicus

  • Pictures of several ages from Israel in March

 

Baltic Gull L. fuscus

  • Fuscus in the province of Drenthe with two pics from Finland. In Dutch

 Juv. Great Black-backed Gull L. marinus, Eemshaven 28 August 1999 -->

 

Great Black-backed Gull L. marinus

 

Common Gull L. canus


 Recommended literature

  • Gulls of Europe, Asia and North America. Klaus Malling Olsen and Hans Larsson 2004. ISBN 0-691-11997-X.á
  • Gulls, a guide to identification. P.J. Grant. 1982. ISBN 0-12-295640-0
  • Identification of Yellow-legged Gulls in Britain. M. Garner (ill. by D. Quinn). British Birds 90/1997: 25-62
  • Yellow-legged Gulls and yellow-legged Herring Gulls in the Baltic. Lars Jonsson. Alula 3/1998: 74-100
  • Kennzeichen und Mauser von "Baltischen Herringm÷wen" L. (f) fuscus und "Tundram÷wen" L. (f) heuglini. Visa Rauste. Limicola 13:3/1999: 105-128 (general, ad. and juv.); Limicola 13:4/1999: 153-188 (immatures). In German with English summary in vol. 13:4/1999
  • Caspian Gull Gallery. Theo Bakker, Rudy Offereins and Rik Winters. Birding World 13:2/2000 60-74. With many pictures from this site and new ones.

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